Turkish Folklore

About Turkish Folklore.. Folklore / Folk Dance | Folk Literature | Turkish Arts | Public Theater | Tile Art | Ebru | Miniature | Illumination | Kolbasti | Videos | Music | Photos

Archive for the ‘Folk Music Instruments’ Category


Posted by Kuleva on June 16, 2009

Directly and almost the most popular wind instrument of the most common
zoom into the family, as a whole is not separated by the drum.

An instrument called the”zoom in”Old Turks use was known. At the beginning of words in Turkish (Z) is the volume, zoom in to the word (Z) is a reflection of the letter indicates. Russia and the Caucasus, this instrument is to define the zoom. Chinese SU-NA””derler.

Dede Korkut zurnacı in the story and discusses nakkare. XIV. yy. A war against soldiers in the brain matter in the Aegean, with the drum against Zuma corruption of the party’s nerve and win the war is the historical record. But Zuma and the word is Turkish, Farsi (the mountain) and nay (reed, pipe) by merging the word has occurred.

In the strict interpretation of the Burhan-Asim Efendi of Zurna are said to be Persian. However, with the”to”zur”roots”of attachment has occurred. Zur root is nothing but the sound imitation.

The name of Islam before I.yy.da zurna yurağ or yerağ”was”. Dense and high-frequency sound of the zurna have become the instrument of our rooms feature the instrument was field instead. From the beginning, at least until time to change our instruments have been afflicted. The time of the Ottoman Empire in the war a sort of palace guard and national bands as was the amount. For many years, with drums, especially the music meets the needs of Turkish villagers were.

Some mosquitoes rush”to understand, understand to zoom little drum, zurna Turkish phrases like”not in the overture, and forget not made more of our instrument.

Zurna’s structure:
Zurna used in the construction of the most palatable trees decidir plum tree. Besides this is cherry and made from zerdali.

One of the top six and bottom holes are located in 7 holes. Moreover, the front of the mouth region zurna (gin, or the devil) holes are called holes. These grains 6 and threes, or is mutual.

Sections of Zurna

A. Lüle: This throttle lock as it is said,”is called”My Etem”or”mete. Been passed into part of Zurna nezik made from wood or mineral is a sleeve. This is the sleeve of silver from silver cord still attached to their ends and the neck ring of the zurna. Just like a water pipe mouth Etem, zoom to the play is one of those tools is very important. Silver cord attached to ensure that equipment is lost.

B. Nezik: Zurna part of the tree made from a tree in different colors and is mounted part. By the forces of the mouth to crack this zurna helps. If necessary, can be removed at any time nezik Etem required. This individual will also provide the housing. Some may be hard for zurna. But this is not acceptable.

C. Soluk hole: Zurna at the bottom of the hole is the name of the nearest neziğe. Kara Ali explained the name of the zurnacı breathing holes. Similar to the man’s nose hole”… Sir breath. Son of Adam bread while drinking is not the nose can not breathe. Some sounds such as air from the nose will need to honk the zurna. Then this hole with your right hand fingers touch the head of the sound are deaf … I””I mete”say some of Abdal.

D. Cine-devil holes: Zurnacı right and left sides of the pipe to zoom slim holes were opened in the name of gin or give the devil hole. This hole is not known what the job injuries. Kara Ali name to get the zurnacı genie said air holes.

E. Zurna pipe: Zurna is the sound of a large mouth. Pipe
edges and the upper part usually is of silver. Cura two pipes, a big hole is found in three of the devil.

F. Air return: Zurna is the name given to the hole. Above that from seven holes, four right-hand, the remaining three to the left hand rule.

G. Of cheek: Etem’e spent değirmi is a tool. Wood, bone and metal can be made from. Sometimes the edges are chipped. The scapula of sheep is far from cheek. To prevent escape to the outside air is the major factor. Four types according to size and the volume is zurna.

1. Kaba Zurna
2. Middle Zurna
3. Cura Zurna
4. Zil Zurna.


Posted in Folk Music Instruments | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »


Posted by Kuleva on June 16, 2009

Mey, music is the name given to the althorn. But is not too old to go to our dictionary, Kamus-ı in Turkish means even rastlanmamıştır instruments. Already Gazimihal’de, T.D.K. in 1929 this word in dictionary, and that he provided lügatlarımız, such as is found in traces in ferhenk and has said kamus. Currently T.D.K. Do the dictionary, as incomplete and incorrect description is as follows:”Eastern Anatolia, a type used in small zurna. “pressed in recent years in the music encyclopedias and dictionaries,” which is used in folk music instruments “such as incomplete descriptions are available.

Etymologic Gazimihal as mait stopped on the word is. “Pharaoh of Mısır’ından relief has formally named in that first mayıt’tı age, but many centuries later and has been forgotten. Mayıt Me and the words of its morphology are open, just” diyerek, Saygun’s opinion was that participation . However, this explanation is the two contradictions: First, according to the claim for many years Gazimihal’in forget how an instrument is also the name is me in Kars. Second, this instrument in the name of Egypt mayıt relief, not as late as is mait. Close to our Turkish mey baktığımızda words: “Me to, melting and flowing. To Me: What (Kars).

May: Water arc, water as a media pass.
Music to study up on the concept of Do we need to put the relationship with bittern. Balaban, a wind instrument as in many countries in Asia are used to love. This instrument, as physiological and sound is very similar to mey. Balaban meaning of words in Turkish; big bodied man or animals, drums, clapper, playing bear, bittern is a bird, and drums. Kazakh-Kyrgyz and Asia in Kazan Turkish drum means husband is seen as the bittern. The Russian İslavca, Ruten, Bulgarians, Serbs, Croats baraban to drum is in Polish. East of Erzurum, which mey andıran reed instruments played with the drum is always the bittern baraban’dan name”r> l”change, consider where you are with.

Maragha nayçe-i balaban’ının of Abdülkadir today bittern is used, and mey are not suspected of any. However, some changes name nayçe-i bittern has suffered. Bittern residents in some areas, Belma’s balaman, YaST bittern, nay using name to this instrument until today live. In Turkey, received mey name. The reason for the name of this instrument it mey be in talks with local artists, but it did not get many results. According to some mey; gentle means, and this name is due to volume softness. According to some personal meaning. Be used immediately and the human story is to give a sense of loveliness, the loveliness of drink mey name, and therefore become synonymous with the instrument are given. To distinguish from what is said”Do”which was given its name.

According to us, nay Mey name-i-i bittern bittern or the name today reflects nayçe. Persian is known for “diversity”is the additional reduction. Nay nada’dan in the old Persian language is a word derivative. Nada’nın meaning is the cane. Nay what has become our language.”Ney, Persian nay word”muhaffefidir. Mey played a reed instrument with is and the rod to the instrument characteristics is given. Nay’ın meaning is the cane. Most likely, mey word in our language, nay from the entering been separated from what you have entered for a word. ‘Cause what, Classical Turkish music is being used in an instrument that is. the people of Mey Our music is used. Maybe they want to be highlighted was this discrimination. For example, with the name used mey nay are currently in Armenia. Also in Gaziantep, Erzurum market for nay called and it is known that the presence of mey body.

Mey, gained popularity in Asia, fundamental, not subject to much change is a very old instrument. Similar, except Turkey still Azerbaijan, Georgia, Dagestan, Armenia, Iran, China, Japan and Korea for use in countries such as tadır in various names.

Date before the site went up, we are seeing”kamışlı instruments. It’s also the reason, the rod of my own self, unlike the bone flute made from easily breakable materials it may be.

We are the oldest instruments Kamışlı about the Hellenistic period findings Mısır’ına aittir. Mait is called for”Kamışlı pipe. In the fourth dynasty and the long and short types to encounter. They probably like modern double-reed oboe is played with”.

Mait, was known as monaulos. Mey and similar instruments found among the ruins of Egypt”Helenistic age that show similarities with monaulos. (Details of the only known ancient type). Picken British researchers, based on some sources claim is the same:”Mey’s and Azerbaijan are very similar in its reed pipe (balaman), Soviet Armenia (pipe), Georgia (duduki), Dagestan (bittern) ‘m ancient era to the last period has relations with monaulos belong. Evliya Çelebi, the bittern, the Do not doubt about that. Kars region for the eight holes of Saygun report instruments Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia and is supported by the Dagestan-source instruments. Eight holes, found in the Brussels Museum belongs to the Ptolemaic Mısır’ına has monaulos’ta. Athens vase painting from the last period reproduction Wegner also mey ‘is mentioned in the last period auloi’sine similarities.

Capitoline mozaikin collotype’leri a Museum’daki, (Sallama Delle Colombe’deki) after viewing the objects represented as cane that was completely convincing. They seem to still be used, such as clamps and rod inserted into the lips of, even rod-shaped irregular shapes hickiriki’nin headers are completely different. Pipes themselves depicted in the tibia or other auloi’nin I know is close to more mey. Cane is proportional to the length of mey. Inclination towards gold by winning the review. The body of the rod tip into the joint space narrowing is very light. This mosaic, in 1824, was built in 252 by Trajanus Decius Thermae Decianae site was found. In this mosaic stilistik Pergamon (Bergama) are associated with mosaics. Cylindrical tube so that the next couple of double-reed, a period of Christianity in Anatolia, a type seen in the first century is no doubt that. Pliers and (if so) to connect both ends rather than the type Bayburt (Northeast Anatolia) as a characteristic of un mey and hiçhiriki clamps connected to end is of type”.

Various researchers in mey, zurna from an older instrument that is available about the allegations. At the type of”Zurna mey’dir”. Roller”for oboe (mey and similar instruments) of the cone loud (zurna) are older, but less common”.

This instrument belongs to the Turks, we belong to the oldest source Maragha Abdülkadir (1350? -1435) Is supposed to belong. -I, with the name of the bittern Nayçe to this instrument,”Surnaya it is similar surnayın drill, has a voice soft and sad.”Especially. After two centuries have lived in Abdülkadir in Evliya Çelebi (1611-1683) to come across a similar recognition,”Belban (or bittern, Turkmen kamışlı pipe) is Şiraz’da icad. Zurna is not similar to the ear. Turkish was used by many. Who has played 100”. In addition, the Republic of Turkey into the history of research has been neutered.

With his instruments belong mait or monaulos Helenistic Term Mısır’ına mey showing similarities, sometimes bittern, belban, nayçe-i bittern, the bittern-nay, balaman, nay, whistle, duduki, mey, Kuan, hiçkiriki, hyanpiri, etc.. names have come and live in today is a musical instrument.

Sound System
Mey, the instrument is an octave voice range. Structure, did you eat that is also the sequence of occurrence authorities.

Diatonik is an instrument. To achieve chromatic tones of the half-open hole and need the help of the lips. Open and close fingers outside İcracı half or loose lips often helps to take the chromatic tones.

Because of the tight sound of opportunity is limited transpoze in mey. Determined for each full tone is necessary to use a separate mey. Half a ton of changes or differences rod attached to the rod and throat with the help of the name is given part. But with the help of a cane on the same body, the volume up to make tons of difference to corruption.

Mey and Ana, the Central and Cura are classified in three different structural features.

Basically writing notes fa mey key should be used. In this instrument we lowpitched Folk Music, Turkish music, notes from the system (the accuracy can be discussed) left key is used because of necessity.

Gazimihal etimolojik olarak, mait kelimesi üzerinde durmuştur .”Firavunlar Mısır’ından kabartmalarda resmi var, adı o ilk çağda mayıt’tı; fakat sonradan uzun asırlar unutulmuştur. Meyi ve mayıt kelimeleri arasındaki morfoloji tıpkılığı açıktır” diyerek, Saygun’un da görüşüne katıldığını belirtmiştir. Ancak bu açıklamada iki çelişki vardır: Birincisi, Gazimihal’in iddiasına göre uzun yıllar unutulan bir çalgı nasıl oluyor da Kars’ta meyi ismiyle çıkıyor. İkincisi ise, Mısır kabartmalarında bu çalgının ismi mayıt olarak değil, mait olarak geçmektedir. Türkçemizde mey’e yakın kelimelere baktığımızda: “Meyi; eriyip akma. Meyi: Ney (Kars).

Posted in Folk Music Instruments | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »


Posted by Kuleva on June 16, 2009

That the first instrument of the wind. Various sources said the”mouth”of reed instruments. Central Asia is known from the Turkish civilization. In our country for centuries,”or the”pipe”for”shepherd instrument known as a reed, the Great Migration to the spread in the society, has come to play in different names and formats.

Pipe, which means something is empty inside,”kav”dan is derived. Century ago, this name is worthy to instruments in general to all the wind (structural form) contains a concept-specific partners.

Reed word, is used in Central Asia Balasağun Turkish culture. More languages and dialects, however, due to the change that is also a fact. For example: in the Crimean”Polish Khoval”(Shepherd pipe), Çağatay in Polish,”Khaval”(Cave, in sacks or big), Azeri-pipe”in the”pumpkin (large tambourine), is in Arabic, ”mouthy (loquacious person) is money. These are people outside of our language in the long legs, as well as in bone marrow is full of calves is called”pipe”.

Our country, people with oral guvval”or as”gaval-goval said instrument, specific to only a shepherd, a primitive is defined as musical instruments.

As a result, the reed pipe and shepherd”words”of an ever, or “formatted with the name of”trying to flute, folk music of her self-structure has not any time.

In various regions of our homeland”as”guvva-govel and said gaval pipe, usually known as shepherd’s instrument. Between nomadic peoples and in the South Anatolia adeta; sacred is a tool. Reed, rush to be a lover of sheep is itikad. Shepherd knows each of the air piping with pipe work release and action of the authorities referred to the general belief. In this regard, the story describes the many legends concerning the people. As old as human history is the history of the pipe can be said. First find the bulrush, or many ideas put forward are those who are playing, the researchers of the pipe beyond the Caspian Sea region could be among the Ural-Altai mountains to the merger. Indeed, the Germans,”Turkish origin, is the Curts Sachs has indicated that”pipe. Hungary about the year 1933 in the region’s Zulnak province Jonoshid with archaeological excavations in an”off”kurgan (burial), too. Belonging to the Turkish shepherd”ötkeçin”ne (double reed made of bone) was found. The age of migration remain a nation that many types of wind instrument viewing such examples Hungarian Denes Van Bartha spread of the front center of the Ural and Altay Turkish is also the product of the oldest civilizations has confirmed.

Human race, the wind out of the inside of the hollow rod is inspired by the sound of pipe music from the first did, does not have holes on the rod was initially but later to get the various sounds on the rod has a hole 3-5.

Asian music is the system volume obtained after five Pentatonik system also has been increased to eight the number of holes. Initially made from straw and reed horns of animals over time were made of bone. In the first period, the wings of birds such as eagles and arena play is made of bone-N ÖTKEÇİ was named, it is one bone made is today known as ÇIĞIRTMA.

Sibuzgu, sebezğu, sıvzğa, bırğa, burğa, borğu, tütek (pipe) with names such as an in general is played to the whistle are known as reed. Hunting into an art interested in the ancient Turks used to this type of pipe used for hunting are, give them a voice by the female deer hunting causes deer were men.

A separate location on the Anatolian people is unforgettable pipe, through the centuries to express their feelings has become an indispensable part. A tool that is sacred to the Anatolian people adeta, burns in a separate volume of air that is ventilated Anatolia. With pleasure all over the rest of our homeland will be playing the wind instrument have been feeling. 30 to 80 cm. between people of different sizes are too. Making, juniper, hornbeam, box, oak, linden trees are preferred hard. The plum tree is far from. Also made of reed and brass alloys as they are mine.

Pipe divided into two groups as in the lingual and dumb. A face to face in the top 7 bottom sound hole has a total of 8. 2,5-3 There are areas of reed octave voice. Also made for each half-tone reed is also available.

Construction of pipe

1. 5 mm before the pipe holes. drill and del are, then check the voice of the hole is growing.
2. Treble the sound hole is growing.
3. Give up the sound hole becomes smaller.
4. LA, (Si b) and have tons of pipe in 16 mm. requested throughout the
If the mouth can be expanded.
5. 7th hole and off balance all the holes 1 to obtain the full sound hole is open. Others are removed in order to obtain yarımşar sound. Here the balance of holes, 1 is needed to get the full robust tone is used.
6. This volume is on the hole if LA Kabul, if the hole off the end of the pipe when you stay 5 mm.lik sound pest hole is opened. You stay pest hole is still growing. Again does not, the second is a drill. That hole is called the balance holes.

Number of holes as above; all is closed, the SOL, 7 hole is on LA, 6th hole is open (SI b), 5 DELETE open hole, 4 DO open hole, 3 open hole DO #, 2 RE hole open, 1 open hole (Mİ b) is. Sound is on FA # 8.delik are obtained. Blow off all the fingers change position includes Re sound. 2. open hole and the same is written above the sound of blowing strongly quintet includes parallel. Today, reed, soulful voice polyphony and a new revival in the necessity to maintain and improve day to day is important.

Posted in Folk Music Instruments | Tagged: , , , | 1 Comment »