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Folk Literature

Posted by Kuleva on June 9, 2009

Folk Literature, is the extension of the oral literature. The work consists of the creation of oral folk. Language, format, topics, in terms of sensitivity to the folk culture is tightly connected to. After the Turks came to Anatolia literature is divided into five groups. Arabic and Persian is a very good knowledge of intellectuals “high class literature” and the Islam before the verbal from a “Folk Literature”. The same distinction between the Turks migrated to Anatolia continued. Arab intellectuals who see the education sector Medresesi and the continuing influence of Persian literature to the public through the bard has continued in the folk literature. As a result, two groups of Turkish Literature in Anatolia are examined. One of these groups Literature is.

Folk Literature General Features

Oğuz Turks to Anatolia, languages, customs and traditional peoples have come to literature. Ozan say minstrelsy, Turks increasingly becoming areas of Anatolia, as itinerant poet poems sazlarıyla say.

1. Islamic civilization from Islam in the previous version of literature. In a sense the oral literature of the period as we can think of developed format.
2. Folk literature is not written products. As occurs in the verbal music.
3. Divan literature as well as in the poem is still the dominant species.
4. Poetry is no title, format is called.
5. Master volume is up.
6. Measure, syllable is a measure, Most seven, eight, on Union molds were used.
7. Poetry in general is dominated by half a foot.
8. Is the daily spoken language of the people speak.
9. Folk literature is based on observation. Is done by use of concrete imagery. Everything they say is taken from real life.
10. Poetry is often accompanied by saz said. According to the situation said the lover of poetry, poems do not make a preliminary. Therefore, a deep sense of poetry is not a perfect format.
11. Although the extent of the poem by Aruz actually measure is a measure syllable.
12. Master volume is up. However, if rarely in Turkish and lullaby triple, five words are seen.
13. Language, public language. This language can not be said to be the core of Turkish. However, the use of public goods is not the word.
14. Poetry and extemporizer assonant redif more are used.
15. Mania as a form of verse, running, varsağı, semaine, epic, etc. are used.
16. Topics in the literature as in love love, death, longing, emotional issues such as separation, love of nature, virility, when the complaints were made. In the religious literature is subject Tekke.
17. To be intertwined with nature in words, that is a concrete judges.
18. Life stories and poems of the minstrel conk name data is collected in the work.
19. Especially 18th century poets from the public, will be affected by the divan poets try to write poems with Aruz have a specific pattern. In fact, also used mazmun the divan poetry. In this case, the emergence of the poet of the people, intellectuals and poets by the council condescending, there are effects considered worthless and weak.

Folk Literature Master Formats
Folk literature, ortaya konan products according to their format and content features are divided into three sections:

A) AŞIK LITERATURE
B) ANONİM FOLK LITERATURE
C) and Sufi Tekke LITERATURE

A) AŞIK STYLE Turkish Folk Literature

* Islam has from the start before.
* Past cam, baksı name given to ozone has been given during this period AŞIKadı.
* Lovers of poetry is called Connecting to rush through the village and the village has said.
* Hece measure is used.
* Language is simple.
* Master volume is up, half-rhyme has been used.
* In the last verse of the poet’s mahlas (name) is used.
* Poets are called conk’s poems were collected in the book.
* Love, death, far, ilen often have separation issues.
* Enthusiastic, pronunciation is a lyric.
* Run, mania, Türkü, semaine, like epic varsağı format are available.
* 17th century began to be affected by the divan literature.

Run: Folk literature is the most widely used formats. Usually expletive measures on the Union (6 +5 or 4 +4 +3) pattern is written with. The number varies between three to five-up. In the name of the last stanza of the poet or run mahlas tells. Rhyme scheme usually is: father “ccca” ddda …

If I go with the language you
Let me get you a good fun
Our province is arid and not exceed
Roads are dry çamu let it go
———
Liver “the boy said what benefits it
Nothing in the bay to the poor have sought
If not this month next month
Eleven month, let one go

Run the general features:
* Love, separation, as far being a kind of broad issues are framed.
* Is syllabic 11li.
* Consists of at least 3 up to 6 continents.
* Language is simple.
* Abab rhyme scheme, cccb, dddbşeklindedir.
* In the last stanza of the poet has mahlas.
* Run the güzelleme by topic, koçaklama, lamentation, taşlamaadlı types are available.

GÜZELLEME: Human nature and love to run the business with the lyric is an expression.

KOÇAKLAMA: War, gallantry, heroism is called as a handle to the running. And valiantly fight and fight a frenzied style of the poem describes.

I Köroğlu medhim to Yeğin to mert
Spartan coach will not change the wedding to cenk
Sprinkle the enemy before it goes to sere
Death occurs in the face of

OSCE: the deceased person’s back pain and the sense of well being that is running. Upon the death of a person to confront the painful sense of the poems are told (Anonymous folk poetry is a product also has the coronach).

Is it the will can also mince Civan
Do you put it on the stone pad per patient
Adolescent girl in a white cloth or warn
Al wearing my scarf and I thought Allı bala

GRINDING: aspects of society or individuals failing to run is critical. Anyone to a place or community in order to criticize the bad aspects are written in a poem.

The man who is growing rampant in forests
In more detail in the market does not like people
Medresesi softa rout of the kaçkın
Hey, do not like to give KESAN

VARSAĞI: South Anatolia region of Turkey yaşayan Varsak say with a custom tune is a format developed by Türküsü. The number of verse and rhyme scheme “Sema” is like. Varsağı and bravely, nobly said a stylistic. This verse in the “bre” “hey” “behey” such as is provided with an exclamation. Folk literature, said the most varsağı Karacaoğlan poet “is.

Enigma: an event is described in a closed form of knowledge or understanding by the reader, want to be the answer to questions about them is a kind of riddle in verse.

Advice: One thing to teach, to work as an idea to spread the said purposes are the didactic poem.

Bre bre network and gentlemen
An dem die before my time
Our eyes black soil
Before my time a dem
——–
Hazel-eyed belle Behey
Say that time passes
Eyes were thieves
Bel never said the cuts

Varsağı’s general features:
* Taurus Mountains and around Adana in the size of living if we say there is also Turkish.
* Is like running rhyme scheme.
* 4 +4 in the form of measurement is said 8li.
* BRE, BEHEY, HEY ejaculation is often used.
* At least 3 more than 5 is up.

SEMA: Hece extent of the pattern is printed on eight (4 +4 duraklı or duraksız). The number varies between three to five-up. There is a unique Semâilerin tune and this tune is read. Rhyme scheme is like running: father “ccca” ddda

Daja very Semâilerde love, nature, issues such as the name of beauty.

İncecikten a profit yağar
Elif Elif diye Tozar
Dedil heart was abdal
Gezer Elif Elif diye
——
Liver “tip of the boy
Do not touch the hearts of love
Fasten the buttons
Solves Elif Elif diye.

Semaine general features:
* Is a kind of said with a custom tune.
* Is the same as running rhyme scheme.
* 4 + 4 = 8 li measurement is written.
* 35-up consists of.

Destanı: Four of the knees bent channel, is quite a long verse format. Sometimes more than one hundred is the number of verse in epic. Usually written with syllabic extent is the pattern on Union. Rhyme scheme is like running: father “ccca” ddda

In the last stanza the poet tells Destanı mahlas. Issues in terms of epic, war, fire, earthquake, epidemic diseases, the lives of famous people, such as mizahi … gruplanadırabiliriz.

Tradesmen Destanı
I have broken most of tin smith
I listen to a mule shoe game
Bilmem beginner cheer the fact is
I’ve steamed my chin while clog removers
I will refute the thesis that the apple pear Manav
Who have walked on the rope dancer
I have my eyes every day to see Butcher blood
My heart is bleeding love bakaraken
I got around this one arts
I’ve come back and get into şairlik
Kamil fell into the hands of the Mürşit
While taking a Tekke-i love içre ordeal.

Destanı general features:
* 6 +5 li syllable is said to measure.
* The longest verse forms of folk literature is.
* He has a unique pronunciation.
* Is the same as running rhyme scheme.
* Uprising, scarcity, war, social issues such as disease, as their work is the epic is the work of individual subjects.
* There is no limitation on the number of the quad.

B) ANONİM STYLE TURKISH FOLK LITERATURE

Say it is not certain that, the product of the number of public goods is a common oral tradition is based on literature. For oral, products, people switch between languages as the language, the person is subject to change depending on the availability factor.

* Lecture, is suitable for oral literature tradition. Decorations from the remote, open, clear, concise language is used.
* You too, love, longing, virility, like the death of all humanity were issues.

FOLK LITERATURE ANONİM prose PRODUCTS
– Proverbs
– Phrases
– To rhyme
– Bilmeceler
– Jokes
– People’s Stories
– Ortaoyunu
– Meddah
– Karagöz

Proverbs
* To the end of centuries-long experience of the maxim.
* Words can not.
* Conflicting with each other on the same subject may be atasözleri.

Idioms
Idioms, Linguistics, sözcükselleşmiş are complex association. Actually, the new concepts to form meaning out of words or word phrases that are the stereotypes.
Two or more word phrases have installed some kind of expression language, feelings and thoughts attract attention in explaining the name, title, identifier, linguistic structures look simple and unified action. Can not be used as a complete sentence.

TEKERLİ the
Advantage of the similarity of the sounds created by the word semi-meaningful, half are gobbledygook. Poetry in the form of the measure created to rhyme, rhyme, has benefited from the choice and alliterative.
Less gone, gone uz. Dere, went straight hill. Six months, a fall is gone …

Before time
Screened in straw
While camels broker
Pirei berber iken
I cradle my father to my mother
While rocking the mıngır TINGIR …

Bilmeceler
* Reserved for the Most answer, and thinking to develop forms in question is derived.
* Good to spend time thinking they are removed is.
* There are ways in verse Mensur.

Jokes
A thinking people, using the elements of humor and smile they created for the purpose of allowing the transfer of a short narrative. In this product, rose next to that is the guidance. The most famous joke in our literature; Nasreddin Hoca, the Black Sea, are Bektaşi paragraph.

PUBLIC stories
Room of the village storyteller in love with the wedding in the council, town and city in the coffeehouses of the stories are described in the accompanying instrument. This storywriter lovers, literate, are less-educated people. Usually, issues of love and heroism are processed. People living close to you is are limited hugeness. Age reflects the social structure were created. Of the events described in textual format to be both narrator and listener provides the greatest convenience. The poems weave together and Türküler, saz, and promise to love and enables the art show.

MIDDLE GAME
People in the middle of a square standing clear, without text, without a prompter, a theater play is without memorization. * Tell the events from master to apprentice, from generation to generation is subject to change through. * Başkarakter and the game opens, runs, off which the players, both on stage koyucu, as well as acting as author, edge fur robe and conical hat wearing, carrying in his hand, the slapstick Pişekâr; Pişekâr the game with runs, the second player and başkomik, melon and kaftan wearing Kavuklu ‘stop. * Pişekâr pun, an Kavuklu makes the rhyme. * Çelebi, Zenne, Denyo, Albanian, Persian, Arab, Jewish kind of like a music scene to symbolize themselves.

Meddah
An oral ürünüolan meddahlık theater, briefly, “with one man theater stop. Meddah, theater of their own personality into the character is an actor. By the end of the beginning of a story, in a high, according to the vernacular spoken by the characters explains. Screen, stage, decors, the costumes in the theater does not have everything, try Meddah in the person’s intelligence, knowledge, skills depend on their word.

KARAGÖZ
Based on imitation and mutual conversation, with two-dimensional imagery on screen playing a shadow game, Karagöz and Başkarakter of Hacivat’tır. Karagöz, an illiterate person. Does not understand the use of foreign words Hacivat not take a look, or by uploading them to the wrong meaning from a variety of Turkish language, while salt removed with rules that use foreign words with the regiment will Hacivat. Hacivat, always in the foreground holds personal interests. To talk with foreign words and a half due to less severe reading. Almost everyone recognizes the curtain, through their business is. Zenne, Çelebi, saltless Deli Bekir, Beberuhi, Tiryak, the Persian. Laz. Matiz, Zeybeği of other types, such as a color according to the Qatar game.

ANONİM FOLK LITERATURE ŞİİR Formats

TURKU: anonymous people who said kind of tune is a poem verse form. Say is that there are certain Türküler. Is the richest field of folk literature. All the pain and joy of the people of Anatolia and Turkish language has become. Türkü consists of two parts. The first part is the part which contains the actual words that the “bent” is called. The second part was the end of the chorus is repeated. This section “Connecting” or “kavuştak” is called. Türküler, usually seven, eight, ten are written by Union syllable pattern. Topics may be very different. This group is of the lullaby.

Delicate leaf of the willow is fragile
I’m cool inside is burning out
Zeynep “i had to come this week (bent)

Zeynebim Zeynebim Anlı Zeynebim
Three villages in the glorious Zeynebim (chorus)

Türkü general features:
* It is said with a tune.
* 7,8,11,14 li is said to measure.
* In nearly all the issues.
* Regional features and names might be changed.

Mani: Folk poetry is in the form of the smallest verse. Array consists of four seven-syllabic. Rhyme scheme is aaxa. The first and third strings free, the second and fourth strings are also curb rhyming (xaxa). Fill the first two string curb rhyme or to make an introduction to the basic fall is said. Basic emotions and thoughts out on the last string. The main issue to be out of this kind of love that can be written about.

Le me my action
Eliminated from Elek me
If you no longer receive Receivables
I wish to reduce
——
Let me roll silk quilt
Let’s bosom into the Open
I opened the cover
I know you are there

The first string is less than seven syllable also has curb. Strings are installed with cinaslı rhyme to curb such “Cinaslı Mani” or “curb cut” is called.

Help me get dressed today
Sad if you be today
Can you get get today

Since you are not a shepherd
What version of Art
I am a fresh lamb
Al adds me to crawl
This is me next
Edition version to crawl

Mani general features:
* Aaxa is in the form of rhyme.
* 4 +3 is in the form of measurement.
* The first two preparatory feature that is split string. In fact, the message is the third string.
* All can be said about.
* Flat, cinaslı and now there are variations, such as mania.

Lullaby
* Mother of the baby to sleep with tunes said a common purpose.
* Children’s influence on psychology
* Features are in verse.

OSCE
Death and mourning ceremonies in the lyric poems are told.
Rhyme scheme is like the Turkish measure and often.
in the Turkish literature before islamiyet money “sago”, Divan literature in the money “mersiye’dir.

C) RELIGIOUS-Sufi (Tekke) TURKISH FOLK LITERATURE
* It is used in the syllable and Aruz extent.
* Works were usually love Allah.
* The verse is a couplet used.
* Language is the language people use but are used in the Arabic-Persian words.
* This works for a better understanding of information is necessary to be a certain religion.
* This work has been in the business of the period of irregularity.
* Poets usually have a religious education.
* Divine, breathing, şathiye, speeches, patrol, verse forms, such as there is wisdom.

Divine
* With a tune Hece with the 7li-11li said molds are enthusiastic poetry.
* God’s love and desire to meet him is processed.
* Both are divine syllable is written with both Aruz.
* Divine to the Alevis Deme, Bektaşi of the Mevlevi Ayin name gave breath.

Speech
* Tekke in religion and sect to sect follower of the new entrant to transfer the principles of poetry is written.
* Extent of syllable 11li is written.

Şathiye
* Religion is some subtle irony of the poem is describing.
* Many poets of these poems is because snoring can even kill them.

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